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Family Allowance

Upheaval over helping the poor in Brazil seems common place economics to many middle-to-wealthy class Brazilians. Bolsonaro bragged about how he provided an emergency relief package when the pandemic struck. But truth be known, it came too late and wasn’t enough to save the day! One reason why perhaps Lula was reelected as President for a third term.

He seems to care and pledged more support to his people to overcome dire circumstances while trying to mend the embarrassing situation which remained. The national congress is not forthwith when it comes to approving underprivileged welfare packages, but it doesn’t have to be like this when considering over thirty million Brazilians are suffering the brunt of hunger.

One report online puts inequality of land distribution as a contributing factor. This means that 2 million people (out of a total population of 210 million) control half of the country's entire square footage. The other 99 percent have little access to land ownership, making it difficult to improve their economic status.

In 2021, about 28.4 percent of Brazilians (or 60.5 million individuals) were poor. The north and northeast regions had higher poverty rates than the rest of the country. This might suggest why so many Brazilians from this region voted for Lula. With this in mind the problem is an extremely serious one that needs collective optimism from the whole country, alas many of Bolsonaro supporters were saying this region should be separated from Brazil as another country.

On another front, the United Kingdom has one of the best financial packages to support families, with single mothers and fathers receiving many attractive options to make life a walk in the park. No wonder foreigners flock to England to take advantage of such a selection. Below are a couple of those incentives that make the UK one destination worthy of going.

A single mother can claim several financial allowances as a United Kingdom citizen which include any of the following:

1. Universal Credit

2. Child Tax Credit

3. Income Support

4. Pension Credit

5. Working Tax Credit

6. income-based Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA)

7. income-related Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)

Universal credit is a good one which tackles universal needs i.e., if she is under twenty-five, she would get £265.31 (R$1719,21) monthly allowance. Or over 25 it goes up to £334.91 (R$2170,22).

Family allowance (child support) in the UK is usually paid every 4 weeks. If parents are eligible which means having a first child, whether working or not, parents get £21.80 a week, and £14.45 a week for any children after that. This is paid from birth up until 16 years of age, however if the child continues to study then the allowance is paid until 20 years old.

In other words, every four weeks would be £87.20 or by calendar month £94.72. Exchange rate of 19th December, 2022 (6.48) = R$565,05 or R$613,78. And on each subsequent child an additional £57.80 (R$374,54) every four weeks. As you can see the benefits are pretty good. I might go back home!

However, in the UK low income is classed as a single person needs to earn £25,500 (R$165.240,00) a year to reach a minimum acceptable standard of living as of April 2022. A couple with two children need to earn £43,400 (R$282.232,00) between them. Welfare is an important issue in the United Kingdom.

Take care!

Prof. Carl Boniface

Vocabulary builder:

Upheaval (n) disturbance, turmoil, disorder, confusion, commotion, mayhem, (ant) peace

Brunt (n) = effect, force, impact, burden, substance

A walk in the park (idiom) = something easy or pleasant

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